Why are hydrogen fuel cell vehicles the leading role in the Green Winter Olympics
Toyota, which had been a top sponsor at last year’s Tokyo Olympics, suffered a setback when it announced four days before the opening ceremony that it would not run Olympics-related TV ads in Japan.However, with the advantage of hydrogen fuel cell technology, Toyota brought its latest second-generation Mirai to China for the Beijing Winter Olympic Games, and specially created the Kostar Hydrogen Engine as an event service vehicle to serve the Winter Olympic Games.Why hydrogen fuel cells?On the one hand, in the low-carbon management report of the Beijing Winter Olympic Games, the principle of “electricity in the plain and hydrogen in the mountain” was clearly put forward, and electric vehicles and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles were promoted in each competition area.On the other hand, in zhangjiakou and Yanqing Olympic Games, the terrain features high mountain and slippery road, low temperature and steep slope, which requires new energy vehicles with ultra-long endurance and low temperature resistance, and also allows hydrogen fuel cell vehicles to play their advantages.Of course, in order to achieve the low-carbon goal of the whole event, the energy types of the games transport service vehicles in Beijing include: hydrogen fuel vehicles, pure electric vehicles, natural gas vehicles, hybrid vehicles and conventional energy vehicles.Energy saving and clean energy vehicles accounted for 100% of passenger cars and 85.84% of all vehicles, the highest in all previous Winter Olympics.Toyota has provided more than 2,200 service vehicles for the Winter Olympics and Paralympics.These include 140 of Toyota’s second-generation Mirai hydrogen fuel cell passenger cars and 107 of its Costa fuel cell powertrain models.This is the first time that Toyota has officially introduced the second generation Mirai hydrogen fuel cell passenger vehicle to the Chinese market and achieved large-scale practical application.The Diesel engine is a hydrogen fuel cell vehicle specially developed for the Beijing 2022 Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games. It is developed by TMEC (Toyota China Research and Development Center) and produced by Sichuan FAW Toyota.More than 1,000 hydrogen-powered vehicles, equipped with more than 30 refueling stations, will be on display at the Beijing Winter Olympics, the world’s largest demonstration of primary fuel cell vehicles, according to the Beijing Winter Olympics Organizing Committee.In addition to Toyota, hydrogen fuel cell buses from BaiC, Yutong bus and Foton Motor have also been put into service for the Winter Olympics.Compared with electric vehicles, hydrogen fuel cell vehicles “hydrogenation for 5 minutes, a endurance of 800 kilometers”, low temperature resistance, high endurance, really avoid all pain points of electric vehicles, but also can achieve zero emissions, no pollution, seems to be a one-step choice.However, the promotion of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles still faces a series of difficulties, such as the complicated storage and transportation of hydrogen, the safety problems of hydrogen production and hydrogen energy filling, as well as the high cost of constructing hydrogenation stations, all become obstacles to the promotion of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles.In 2018, the Ministry of Finance and other four departments jointly issued the Notice on adjusting and improving the Fiscal Subsidy Policies for the Promotion and application of New energy Vehicles, which made it clear that the subsidy for new energy vehicles would be significantly reduced, while the subsidy standard for fuel cell vehicles would remain unchanged.When the subsidies for new energy vehicles decline significantly, the subsidies for fuel cell vehicles remain unchanged from 2016 to 2020, which means that China still maintains great support for the development of fuel cell vehicles.In 2019, the Ministry of Finance and economic JianSheSi level inspector Song Qiuling BBS spokesman, said in an industry because our country has not yet been breakthrough core technology of fuel cell vehicles and parts, construction of infrastructure, lack of standards and regulations, hydrogen as an energy management system has not yet been established, and so on reasons, it is not a large-scale popularization and application conditions.In this year, China’s various policies are also leaning toward hydrogen energy.In 2019, the Government Work Report mentioned “promoting the construction of charging and hydrogenation facilities”.This is the first time hydrogen energy has been included in the Government Work Report.In September 2020, the national Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Ministry of Science and Technology, National Development and Reform Commission, the National Energy Administration jointly issued by the “about start fuel-cell vehicle demonstration application notice, three principles agreed to guangdong and Beijing, Shanghai urban agglomeration as the first demonstration of urban agglomeration, launched a fuel-cell vehicle demonstration application.During the 4-year demonstration period, five ministries and commissions of the state will give rewards to the demonstration city clusters by “replacing subsidies with awards”.Hydrogen fuel cell vehicles started to be promoted and applied in demonstration cities.Shanghai, Guangdong, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Shandong and other 30 provinces (districts) have involved in the fuel cell vehicle industry in the 14th Five-year development plan, and the total output value will reach nearly one trillion yuan.In March 2021, hydrogen energy was officially included in the draft of the 14th Five-Year Plan.By 2021, the Chinese government has supported hydrogen energy and fuel cell r&d with a total of more than 2 billion yuan.In December 2021, the 14th Five-year Plan for Green Industrial Development issued by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology also proposed to accelerate technological innovation and infrastructure construction of hydrogen energy and promote diversified utilization of hydrogen energy.From subsidies to promotion and demonstration to infrastructure improvement, China is accelerating the development of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles through policy promotion at different levels.Globally, there are three fuel-cell vehicles currently on sale that are actually in mass production: Toyota’s Mirai, Honda’s Clarity and Hyundai’s Nexo.Hyundai also test-drove the Chinese version of its Nexo hydrogen fuel cell car in China in January, taking advantage of the promotion of hydrogen fuel cell cars during the Winter Olympics.At present, China’s mass production of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles are mainly buses, and the passenger car field is basically in the development and verification stage, which is displayed as “forward-looking technology”.Saic motor showed its ROewe 950 plug-in fuel cell vehicle at the Shanghai Auto Show in 2015.At the 2019 Shanghai Auto Show, SAIC Datong unveiled the G20FC hydrogen fuel cell car, and the following year, based on this car, launched the MAXUS EUNIQ 7 and officially launched, with the price set at 299,800 yuan to 399,800 yuan. However, only nine units of this car were sold in the past year, according to the Federation.In 2020, GAC’s first hydrogen Fuel Cell vehicle, Aion LX Fuel Cell, made its debut. Last year, it officially launched demonstration operation on THE ride-hailing platform Ruqi Chuxing under GAC. This car is also the first hydrogen Fuel Cell SUV to be listed on the new car announcement of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology in China.Last year, Hongqi launched its first hydrogen fuel cell vehicle, hongqi H5-FCEV, and Changan launched its CS75 FCV.China sold 1,556 fuel cell vehicles last year, mostly commercial vehicles, according to the China Automobile Association.Japan leads the world in fuel cell vehicles, not only in technology, but also in a strong supply chain system, which is why the production and marketization of fuel cell vehicles in China is not yet ready.Globally, many international giants have long started the research and development of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles.In 2013, BMW worked with Toyota to develop a fuel cell drive system and tested the BMW 5 Series GT fuel cell vehicle in 2015.BMW road-tested the I Hydrogen NEXT last year and plans to launch a small scale production this year.In 2017, Mercedes unveiled the GLC F-Cell fuel Cell concept car at the Frankfurt Motor Show. The car was jointly developed with Ford and Nissan, but it was discontinued in 2020.Mercedes has chosen to use hydrogen fuel cell vehicles in trucks first, and has no plans for mass production of passenger cars.Due to development costs, international giants have started the development of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles early, but their mass production plans have been repeatedly delayed.Chinese auto companies are also releasing mass production plans for hydrogen fuel cell vehicles.Similar to Mercedes-benz, Geely also chose to first develop hydrogen fuel cell buses, which are first applied in the field of commercial vehicles.Great Wall released its hydrogen strategy last year, the first Chinese brand to do so in detail.The first fuel cell vehicle that should have been launched in its high-end brand salon did not appear in the end. Salon chose to start from the pure electric route closest to the market at present, which also shows that there is still a long way to market fuel cell in terms of technological reserve, industrial chain cultivation and landing in the market.Many companies have set 2025 as the date to market.But judging by the development of pure electric vehicles, which have been on the market for a decade, the road to market for fuel cells may take longer.