How important was the Soviet air force in the Korean War?The US air force was taken aback but insisted it was defeated by China

2022-04-28 0 By

At the beginning of the War, the Chinese People’s Volunteers had no air force at all and could only endure the bombing by the American planes.However, after the first victory, Stalin changed his mind and changed his plan from “two months to two and a half months before the air force can be dispatched” to “immediate air force.”The volunteers proved their strength and helped Stalin change his mind.The entry of the Soviet air force greatly improved the situation on the battlefield.At that time, the Main Soviet aircraft was the Mig-15, and the MAIN American aircraft was the F-86.The mig-15 is superior to the F86 in terms of firepower, top speed, medium altitude climb rate, acceleration rate and maximum lift, but inferior to the F86 in targeting equipment, and inferior to the F86 in turning performance, stability at high speed and mobility.But overall, it’s a close race.But on the ground, the AMERICANS suffered.According to statistics, during the entire Korean War, 12 Soviet air divisions, with more than 72,000 men engaged in air combat, shot down a total of 1,309 American aircraft (212 of them were shot down by anti-aircraft guns).The Soviet losses were much smaller, with 335 aircraft and 120 pilots lost.Since mid-1951, China and the Soviet Air Force (mainly the Soviet Air Force) created the famous miG Corridor over the plain on the south bank of the Yalu River.In this area, The Chinese and Soviet air forces used the MiG 15 to shoot down a number of enemy aircraft, making the US air force afraid to set foot in the area.It is worth mentioning that repeated air battles in this area, the first large-scale jet war in history, are regarded as the birthplace of the jet war.In addition, the U.S. B-29 strategic bomber was banned from daytime use due to the bravery of the Soviet Air Force.On October 23, 1951, the US military sent eight B-29 strategic bombers, and arranged 34 F86 and 55 F84 to accompany them for protection.The next day, another B-29 bomber was shot down.A week later, the United States did not give up, sent 21 B-29 strategic bombers, and arranged 200 fighter aircraft escort, but the Soviet Air force shot down 12 B-29 strategic bombers.The U.S. military was overwhelmed and hurt because b-29 strategic bombers are expensive and technically secret. If they are shot down, they will not only suffer huge losses, but also have the risk of disclosure. The 10-12 crew members accompanying each plane are also very expensive.The U.S. Air Force banned the use of b-29 bombers during daylight hours until the end of the war.However, the Soviet air force’s entry into the war was secret, and Stalin was very reluctant to confront the United States. He did everything possible not to reveal that the Soviet Union had entered the war.According to Stalin’s requirements, the Soviet air force involved in the war must do the following: 1. No aircraft can take off from the Soviet mainland for the war, only from China or Korea.2. Soviet aircraft must remove all Soviet insignia from their fuselages and either be disguised as Chinese or North Korean aircraft.3. All Soviet pilots are not allowed to wear Soviet uniform, but must wear the uniform of the Chinese volunteers.4. All Soviet pilots involved in the war had to write a pledge never to reveal that they had fought in Korea.Soviet pilots killed themselves if they were shot down and threatened with capture.6. Soviet pilots were never allowed to speak in Russian while in the air.7, do not enter enemy occupied areas, do not fight over the Yellow Sea, do not fly over the 39th parallel, lest the aircraft be shot down and parachuted into the hands of the enemy.It can be seen that Stalin was very worried about exposing the Soviet Union’s involvement in the war, thus causing a direct conflict between the Soviet Union and the United States.Stalin began to redouble his efforts to train Chinese and Korean pilots.He once sent a message to Air Force General Krasovsky and General Belov, the general military adviser of the Soviet Union in China: “A group army composed of eight Chinese air force fighter divisions should be established as soon as possible and sent to the front.This is your most important task right now…It is absolutely necessary to vacate two airfields for Chinese fighter divisions close to the front…The Chinese can only rely on their own air force at the front.”Under Soviet training, the Chinese Air Force gradually grew and began to take part in combat.Although the two sides rarely fight in mixed formations, the division of labor is clear.At first, the Soviet air force was the main force, while the Chinese air force was only responsible for reinforcement if necessary or fighting small groups of enemy aircraft.Later, the Chinese air force gradually began to take over the main force, with the Soviet air force generally cruising above the Chinese aircraft and providing assistance when necessary, such as intercepting American aircraft pursuing the Chinese air force.Of course, some of the more complicated tasks still needed to be completed by Soviet pilots.Inevitably, due to language barriers, the Soviet air Force and the Chinese Air Force also had their own mistakes, with North Korean anti-aircraft guns firing on Soviet planes or Soviet pilots shooting down Chinese planes.When the Soviet Air Force entered the war, the United States did not know. They always wondered how the Chinese air force, which had no money at all, had suddenly become so powerful.General Vandenberg, then chief of staff of the US Air Force, even said: “China became the world air power overnight.”However, it did not take long for the Americans to discover the problem: the people flying the planes were not Chinese faces, but European faces!And in the radio conversation, heard is broken Chinese or Korean, and with a thick tongue sound!The situation was quickly reported to Washington by American pilots on the front lines.Truman was momentarily stunned, but after the discussion of his staff, they decided that they must not disclose the situation and remain silent.In this way, without any communication, the United States and the Soviet Union tacitly chose to play dumb with each other.The main reason for America’s reluctance to disclose this information is that it is afraid to do so.Why doesn’t the US dare?The reason is simple: they can’t afford the consequences.Paul Nitze, then director of policy planning at the STATE Department, said: “If we publish the truth, the public will inevitably demand that we act accordingly.In the end, the only thing we could do, driven by popular opinion, was to expand the war and get into a more serious conflict with the Soviet Union.”It was already a wrong decision for the United States to join the Korean War, and once the United States was compelled by public opinion and public opinion to expand the conflict with the Soviet Union, the consequences would be unbearable.Even after the End of the Korean War, the U.S. did not disclose this information, and the historical truth of the Soviet Air force’s participation in the Korean War remained silent for 40 years.Volunteer air force