Civilizations rise and fall like life: they are born, they grow old, they die
Article | love sauce son 2012 the end of the world, the claim that originated in the mayan prophecy.The Mayans have predicted the end of the world for more than a thousand years. They believe that on December 21, 2012, the solar system, made up of the sun and all the planets, will complete its 26,000-year cycle and eclipse the galactic center.A new era will be born.But like any birth, a new beginning means an end to the old, with blood and pain.The imagination of the future, the fear of the end of the human race, all stem from the fear of the “unknown” core.The chief source of human fear is ignorance of the unknown.For example, darkness, unknown sound, etc., have become the common source of fear of human beings. Although this is the existence of a survival instinct of human beings, it also makes people can not help generating fear.For more than 20 years, Silvinas Morley, an archaeologist and expert on Maya civilization, has devoted himself to the excavation of Mayan ruins in the rainforest, revealing the hidden ancient civilization.As one of the oldest civilizations on earth, the Mayan civilization existed for a long time and created a very prosperous civilization, but the Mayan civilization disappeared from the earth at the best time of its prosperity.”Three Thousand Years of Maya: The Fifth Ancient Civilization”, a book of more than 500 pages, is a detailed record of the ancient Maya civilization, from the founding, prosperity and decline of the Maya city-state, but also to unlock the mystery of the Prophecy of the Maya civilization.Author silver weiner, Molly by himself in the Yucatan peninsula and sort of more than 20 years experience, from the geography, history, customs, art, astronomy, calendar, from the aspects such as fusion of archaeology, history, anthropology, ethnology, sociology and so on in the field of research, wrote one of the authority of the classic mayan civilization so far.From its hazy beginnings in the centuries BC, Maya history can be traced back to its cultural growth, mysterious decline, renewed prosperity and eventual decline after the Spanish conquest.Since the discovery of awe-inspiring ruins in the 18th and 19th centuries, the ancient Mayan civilization has had a fascination.Part of this fascination comes from the romantic image of a “lost civilisation” that has left traces of dozens of destroyed cities deep in the jungle.Unlike other civilizations that were born in great rivers, the Maya were born in the jungle.Its history dates back to 1500 BC.The remains and murals found today suggest that the Mayans were already literate and capable of building large structures.I don’t know how they did it, but what they did with the astronomical calendar was incredible.At a time when other civilizations were stargazing, the Mayans were calculating the periods of eclipses.The Earth’s period of revolution, calculated by the Mayans, is 365.2420 days, only slightly different from the current 365.24219 days.Astronomy has grown rapidly in the last two centuries, thanks to advanced technology, but the Mayan civilization did it 3,000 years ago, which is puzzling.The ancient Maya civilization is a mysterious and intriguing jungle civilization in Central America.It lasted from the 5th century BC until the Spanish conquest in the 16th century AD. The Mayan civilization originated in the Yucatan peninsula around 2600 BC and rose in what is now southern Mexico, Guatemala, northern Belize, and western Honduras around 250 AD.The Mayan civilization is a very unique civilization, it developed from the dense jungle.Among these towering trees, you can see hundreds of stone Mayan structures, most of which were used by the ancient Maya for worship or memorial purposes.The Mayan civilization was not a unified state. It was made up of many city-states, each with its own government and monarch, like ancient Greece. Around the 9th century, the Mayan civilization was in rapid decline, and no one knew what was happening.Building on the inventions and ideas of earlier civilizations such as the Olmec, the Mayans developed astronomy, calendars, and hieroglyphics.Around 300 BC, the Mayans adopted a hierarchy of nobles and Kings.This civilization developed into a highly structured kingdom during the classical period of 200-900 AD.Their society consisted of a number of independent states, each with a large urban site.It began to decline around 900 AD, and the Mayans gradually abandoned their city.The Mayan dynasty finally came to an end when the Northern Mayans were integrated into Toltec society in 1200 AD, although some of the outer centers continued to flourish until they were conquered by the Spanish in the early 16th century.Mayan history is characterized by cycles of rise and fall: city-states rise, fall, and then are replaced by others.It can also be described as a continuation and change, guided by a religion that is still the foundation of their culture.For those who follow ancient Mayan traditions, the belief in the influence of the universe on human life and the need to pay homage to the gods through ritual continues to be expressed in modern Hybrid Christian-Mayan beliefs.A professor at Xavier University in Cincinnati, Ohio, wrote a novel called “Jaguar Road,” set in The Mayan civilization of Colombia in Central America.In mayan culture, leopards were transformed into vulcan and rain gods to guard the villagers. In one of the most famous monuments of Mayan civilization, the mayans’ apparent pursuit of leopards is a metaphor for the demise of mayan civilization.The Mayan cities were built mostly in tropical rainforests, but they had a tropical desert climate.This climate is characterized by low rainfall, and although it is close to the ocean, moist air does not reach the land.Such harsh conditions limit the growth of crops and increase the rate of consumption of natural resources, thus accelerating the collapse.In the late Maya classical period, a series of long droughts in the southern lowland jungles affected the mayan staple crops such as maize, beans and cocoa, and catastrophic drought and instability pushed cities to their limits.This also reminds people: only symbiosis and coexistence with the environment, is the only way to sustainable earth.Civilization is a progressive state of social organization and a comfortable way of life. It means “progress” and is a relationship of “evolution”. Civilization can be said to be a product of the development of human society and a state of social progress.Archaeology and anthropology have proved that ancient civilization is not a mystery, but merely the technology of human adaptation to the environment.The point of studying the history of civilization is to know “what we are capable of at the moment of civilization’s demise”, so archaeology is futurology.”Maya three thousand years: Invisible fifth Ancient civilization” tells us: most ancient civilizations have been on the road to self-destruction.The civilizations that were born on the earth are now gone, and they rise and fall as if they were born, then grow, reach their individual peaks, and finally grow old and die.